K R NARAYANAN NATIONAL FOUNDATION AWARD

IVDP

A prolapsed intervertebral disc is a condition that occurs when the spongy part of a disc that lies between two adjacent vertebrae in the spine comes out and presses on the nerve. A prolapsed intervertebral disc is a very common condition that tends to affect people between the ages of 30 and 50. It is or can become an excruciatingly painful condition if not treated well.

RHEUMATIC DISORDERS

A variety of disorders marked by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement of the connective tissue structures, especially the joints and related structures, and attended by pain, stiffness, or limitation of motion.

SCOLIOSIS

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person’s spine is curved from side to side. Although it is a complex three-dimensional deformity, on an X-ray, viewed from the rear, the spine of an individual with scoliosis may look more like an “S” or a “C” than a straight line. Scoliosis is typically classified as either congenital (caused by vertebral anomalies present at birth), idiopathic (cause unknown, sub classified as infantile, juvenile, adolescent, or adult, according to when onset occurred), or neuromuscular (having developed as a secondary symptom of another condition, such as spina bifida, cerebral palsy, spinal muscular atrophy, or physical trauma).

KYPHOSIS

Kyphosis also called round back or Kelso’s hunchback, is a common condition of a curvature of the upper back. It can be either the result of degenerative diseases (such as arthritis), developmental problems (the most common example being Scheuermann’s disease), osteoporosis with compression fractures of the vertebrae, and/or trauma. In the sense of a deformity, it is the pathological curving of the spine, where parts of the spinal column lose some or all of their lordotic profile. This causes a bowing of the back, seen as a slouching posture. While most cases of kyphosis are mild and only require routine monitoring, serious cases can be debilitating. High degrees of kyphosis can cause severe pain and discomfort, breathing and digestion difficulties, cardiovascular irregularities, neurological compromise, and in the more severe cases, significantly shortened life-spans.

IVDP

A prolapsed intervertebral disc is a condition that occurs when the spongy part of a disc that lies between two adjacent vertebrae in the spine comes out and presses on the nerve. A prolapsed intervertebral disc is a very common condition that tends to affect people between the ages of 30 and 50. It is or can become an excruciatingly painful condition if not treated well.

OSTEOPOROSIS

In osteoporosis the bone mineral density is reduced, bone micro architecture is deteriorating, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered that leads to an increased risk of fracture. The disease may be classified as primary type 1, primary type 2, or secondary. The form of osteoporosis most common in women after menopause is referred to as primary type 1 or postmenopausal osteoporosis. Primary type 2 osteoporosis or senile osteoporosis occurs after age 75 and is seen in both females and males at a ratio of 2:1. Finally, secondary osteoporosis may arise at any age and affects men and women equally. This form of osteoporosis results from chronic predisposing medical problems or disease, or prolonged use of medications such as glucocorticoids, when the disease is called steroid- or glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (SIOP or GIOP)…..,

ANKYLOSING SPONDYLOSIS

Ankylosing spondylosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joint of the spine manifested by fusion (ankylosis)and inflammation of some or all of the joints and bones of the spine.It is a painful progressive disease affecting mainly the spine.It can also affect other joints, tendons,ligaments,also other areas such as eyes lungs and heart.